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From China to Japan, a deadly cold grips East Asia. Experts say it’s the ‘new normal’

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A deadly cold spell gripping East Asia has killed at least four people in Japan after sub-zero temperatures and heavy snowfall wreaked havoc on travel during the New Year’s holiday. Lunar year, with climate experts warning that such extreme weather events have become the “new normal”.

Japanese officials said the four people who died on Wednesday and Thursday worked clearing snow amid what Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirokazu Matsuno called a “once-in-a-decade cold snap.”

Two of the deaths were reported in western Niigata prefecture, including one in southwestern Oita prefecture and one in southern Okayama prefecture – where the victim suffered a heart attack.

In neighboring South Korea, heavy snowfall warnings were issued this week as temperatures in the capital Seoul fell as low as minus 15 degrees Celsius (5 degrees Fahrenheit) and dropped to record lows in many other cities, officials said. Residents said it started snowing heavily overnight Wednesday through Thursday.

On the popular tourist island of Jeju, bad weather this week led to the cancellation of hundreds of flights while passenger ships were forced to stay in port due to huge waves, according to the central disaster headquarters and security countermeasures.

“The cold air from the North Pole directly reached South Korea,” after passing through Russia and China, Korea Meteorological Administration spokesman Woo Jin-kyu told CNN.

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See what life is like in one of the coldest places on earth

Woo said that if scientists take a long-term view of climate change, “we can consider this extreme weather – extremely hot weather in summer and extremely cold weather in winter – as one of the signals of climate change.”

Across the border in Pyongyang, North Korean authorities warned of extreme weather conditions as the cold spell swept across the Korean peninsula. Temperatures in parts of North Korea are expected to drop below minus 30 degrees Celsius (minus 22 degrees Fahrenheit), state media reported.

In Japan, Hundreds of domestic flights were canceled on Tuesday and Wednesday due to heavy snowfall and high winds hampering visibility. Major carriers Japan Airlines and All Nippon Airways canceled a combined total of 229 flights.

High waves caused by a snowstorm in Jeju Island, South Korea, January 24, 2023.

Meanwhile, bullet trains have been suspended between Fukushima North and Shinjo stations, Japan Railway Group said.

China’s meteorological authority also predicted sharp drops in temperature for parts of the country and issued a blue alert for a cold spell on Monday – the lowest level in a four-tier warning system.

MoheChina’s northernmost city, saw temperatures dip to minus 53 degrees Celsius (minus 63.4 degrees Fahrenheit) on Sunday – its coldest on record, meteorologists said. Ice Fog – a weather phenomenon that only occurs in very cold weather when water droplets in the air remain in liquid form – is also expected in the city this week, local authorities said.

Other parts of Asia have also felt the effects of the harsh cold.

Earlier this month in Russian Siberia, temperatures in the city of Yakutsk stood at minus 62.7 degrees Celsius (minus 80.9 degrees Fahrenheit) – a record for a place widely known as coldest city in the world.

The cold was also felt in Afghanistanwhere Taliban officials reported death of at least 157 people as the country experiences one of its coldest winters with minimal humanitarian assistance. Officials said temperatures in early January had dropped to minus 28 degrees Celsius (minus 18 degrees Fahrenheit).

Tourists pose for photos in front of a thermometer reading -11.3 degrees Celsius (11.6 F), in Otaru, northern Japan's Hokkaido prefecture, January 24, 2023.

Yeh Sang-wook, a climate professor at Hanyang University in Seoul, attributed the extreme cold snap on the Korean peninsula to arctic winds from Siberia, adding that the cold snap in South Korea this year was partly due to melting arctic ice caps from a warming climate.

“There was a meltdown record last year and this year,” he said. “As the sea ice melts, the sea opens up, sending more steam into the air, bringing more snow to the north.”

As climate change worsens, the region will face more severe cold temperatures in the future, he said.

“There is no other (explanation),” he said. “Climate change is indeed getting worse and there is a consensus among world scientists that this type of cold weather is going to get worse in the future.”

Kevin Trenbergh of the US National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) agreed that “extreme weather events are the new normal”, adding: “we can certainly expect extreme weather to be worse than they weren’t before.”

He also highlighted the El Niño and La Niña climate cycles in the Pacific Ocean that affect weather patterns around the world.

The girlwhich generally has a cooling effect on global temperatures, is one of the reasons for the current cold spell, he said.

“There is certainly a lot of natural variability that happens over time but… we often hear about the El Nino phenomenon and right now we are in the La Niña phase. And that certainly influences the types of patterns that tend to occur. And so he’s also a player,” he said.

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